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Immunisation

UNIVERSAL IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMME

  • Immunization Programme is one of the key interventions for protection of children from life threatening conditions, which are preventable. It is one of the largest immunization programme in the world and a major public health intervention in the country.
  • Immunization Programme in India was introduced in 1978 as Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI)
  • The programme gained momentum in 1985 and was expanded as Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) to be implemented in phased manner to cover all districts in the country by 1989-90.
  • UIP become a part of Child Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme in 1992 Since, 1997, immunization activities have been an important component of National Reproductive and Child Health Programme and is currently one of the key areas under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) since 2005
  • Under the Universal Immunization Programme, Government of India is providing vaccination to prevent seven vaccine preventable diseases i.e.
    • Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Measles, severe form of Childhood Tuberculosis and Hepatitis B, Hiaemophilus influenza type b (Hib) and Diarrhea 

Targets & Achievements in 2013-14 & 2014-15

The Vaccination Schedule under the UIP

National Immunization Schedule 
Vaccine  When to give  Dose  Route Site
For Infants 
BCG  At birth or as early as possible till one year of age  0.1ml  (0.05ml until 1 month of age)  Intra -dermal Left Upper Arm
Hepatitis B Birth dose  At birth or as early as possible within 24 hours  0.5 ml  Intramuscular Anterolateral side of mid thigh-LEFT
OPV Birth dose  At birth or as early as possible within the first 15 days  2 drops  Oral -
OPV 1,2 & 3   At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks  2 drops  Oral -
IPV (inactivated Polio Vaccine)  14 weeks  0.5 ml  Intramuscular Anterolateral side of mid thigh-RIGHT
Pentavelant  1,2 & 3   At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks  0.5 ml  Intramuscular Anterolateral side of mid thigh-LEFT
Rota Virus Vaccine  At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks  5 drops  Oral -
Measles 1st Dose  9 completed months-12 months. (give up to 5 years if not received at 9-12 months age)  0.5 ml  Subcutaneous Right Upper Arm
Vitamin A, 1st Dose  At 9 months with measles  1 ml  (1 lakh IU)  Oral -
For children
DPT 1st  booster  16-24 months  0.5 ml  Intramuscular Anterolateral side of mid thigh-LEFT
OPV Booster  16-24 months  2 drops  Oral  
Measles 2nd  dose  16-24 Months  0.5 ml  Subcutaneous Right Upper Arm
Vitamin A  (2nd to 9th dose)  16 months with DPT/OPV booster, then, one dose every 6 month up to the age of 5 years)  2 ml  (2 lakh IU)  Oral -
DPT 2nd Booster  5-6 years  0.5 ml.  Intramuscular Left Upper Arm
TT  10 years & 16 years  0.5 ml  Intramuscular Upper Arm